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Food Culture: National Cuisine

Estonian food is generally very simple and typical of what farmers eat. Pork and pork products, dairy, potatoes, black bread, and fish, especially herring, are the most commonly consumed foods. Estonian cuisine is still strongly dependent on the time of year. In spring and summer when fresh foods are still available, Estonians eat a lot of fruit and vegetables. In autumn, many households still make preserves and pickles to be eaten throughout the winter. Because it is a cold country and people often had to live for months without fresh foods, preserved ingredients and dishes like blood sausage and pickled eel are well-known parts of traditional meals.